An organization or organisation (Commonwealth Englishsee spelling differences), is an entity—such as a company, an institution, or an association—comprising one or more people and having a particular purpose.

The word is derived from the Greek word organon, which means tool or instrument, musical instrument, and organ.

There are a variety of legal types of organizations, including corporationsgovernmentsnon-governmental organizationspolitical organizationsinternational organizationsarmed forcescharitiesnot-for-profit corporationspartnershipscooperatives, and educational institutions, etc.

hybrid organization is a body that operates in both the public sector and the private sector simultaneously, fulfilling public duties and developing commercial market activities.

voluntary association is an organization consisting of volunteers. Such organizations may be able to operate without legal formalities, depending on jurisdiction, including informal clubs or coordinating bodies with a goal in mind which they may express in the form of an manifestomission statement, or in an informal manner reflected in what they do because remember every action done by an organization both legal and illegal reflects a goal in mind.[1][2]

Organizations may also operate secretly or illegally in the case of secret societiescriminal organizations, and resistance movements. And in some cases may have obstacles from other organizations (ex: MLK’s organization).[3]

What makes an organization recognized by the government is either filling out Incorporation (business) or recognition in the form of either societal pressure (ex: Advocacy group), causing concerns (ex: Resistance movement) or being considered the spokesperson of a group of people subject to negotiation (ex: the Polisario Front being recognized as the sole representative of the Sahrawi people and forming a partially recognized state.)

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